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文明之美看東方|定博出品,動畫上線——定瓷王

時間:2022-07-26 09:48:53  來源:  作者:

定窯是宋代五大名窯之中唯一的白瓷窯,引領宋代白瓷的生產,成為白瓷生產區域的杰出代表。

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定窯龍首蓮紋凈瓶,1969年凈眾院塔基地宮出土。高60.5厘米、腹徑18.2厘米、口徑2厘米、足徑10.7厘米。近距離仔細觀瞧大凈瓶、小口長頸、中部附一輪狀圓盤,長頸上部三道凸弦紋之間刻有蓮瓣紋,圓盤上也刻蓮紋、長頸下部是竹節紋、圓肩處刻三層覆蓮紋,鼓腹處刻菊紋、補筆點綴之處似乎有劃花技法,修長的腹部至臥足處是四層仰蓮紋,整體紋飾以佛教崇尚的蓮花為主。肩一側堆塑龍首流,龍頸短粗、雙角上聳、龍首高昂、氣勢飛揚。該器胎質細膩平薄、釉色潔白柔和、造型優美給人以圣潔、靜穆、莊重之感。

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這件北宋早器的龍首凈瓶和書中所載唐代凈瓶的基本并無兩樣,只是在細節上有所不同。“蓋須連口”指頸部的圓盤頂出尖臺、可高兩指、上通小穴、粗如銅著、飲水可在此中即指上流,旁邊則別開圓孔、擁口令上、豎高兩指、孔如錢許,這只凈瓶則演變為龍首狀流。顯然,龍首狀流并非實用器的特征,而“可受二三升”的大小則是為了方便攜帶,而此龍首凈瓶的規格顯然要大的多。因此可以確定這件器物并非日常使用的實物器,有可能的是禮佛時來做凈手之用。
在人類文化的發展中,在很多祭祀專用器物其實都是由生活用品發展而來的,佛教供品亦復如是。根據佛教的習俗僧眾所用的一切器物皆可做為供品,因此很多生活用品則逐漸發展出一個專門用來祭祀供奉的分支,而這個龍首大凈瓶就應屬此類。

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